Programmatic Implications of Zika-Related Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices
The purpose of this suite of Zika-Related Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices programmatic research briefs (also available in Spanish on the Breakthrough ACTION + RESEARCH website) is to assess various social and behavioral determinants related to Zika prevention in the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras. The surveys’ insights support an evidence-based approach for social and behavior change (SBC) programming directed toward increasing Zika prevention behaviors at the household and community level, particularly those behaviors with the greatest potential to reduce Zika transmission and minimize negative pregnancy outcomes.
While a large majority of people in the surveyed areas of the countries studied have heard about Zika, knowledge of Zika is insufficient to ensure that preventive action is taken. Programs working in SBC for Zika prevention can target their programs to encourage greater uptake of preventive behaviors and—especially—raise awareness of Zika’s ability to be transmitted sexually and have potential health effects during pregnancy.
These programmatic research briefs describe work led by Tulane University under Breakthrough RESEARCH in collaboration with Tropical Medicine and Global Health Institute of the Iberoamerican University (UNIBE, Dominican Republic) and TEPHINET (El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras).