Literature Review (4): Factors influencing the decisions of couples about having children taking into account the risk of possible congenital defects because of the infection caused by the Zika virus
UNICEF’s regional office for Latin America and the Caribbean (LACRO) worked with the Universidad del Norte of Colombia (UNINORTE) in developing a literature review in search for evidence on risk communication and community engagement in the context of the Zika outbreak response. This effort will help guide the design and the update of national and local communication strategies for Zika response.
This report shows a set of recommendations in relation to family planning when there is a risk of congenital defects because of the infection caused by the Zika virus, as well as, the prevention of its sexual transmission.
Factors influencing family planning decisions were grouped into three categories:
- Cognitions and practices in relation to sexual and reproductive health.
- Counseling and health care services.
- Cultural factors, beliefs and desires that can affect family planning and decisions.